>> THE MULE COINS OF REPUBLIC INDIA

WHAT ARE MULE COINS AND HOW THESE ARE PRODUCED:
The coins, which have the obverse die of one coin and reverse die of another, are known as Mule CoinsMules are produced when two or more different (face) coins of same denomination are being produced almost concurrently by a mint. By mistake / negligence of the mint staff, one of the dies; which was intended for some other issue, is wrongly mated on a coin punching press. Mules are sometimes accidentally produced at the time of re-striking coins of earlier periods. Unless the obverse and reverse dies are correctly paired at the time of re-strike, the coins struck may have the wrong obverse or reverse. 


i)       1978 Food & Shelter for All - 5 Paisa: Mule Issue Of Mumbai Mint:

FOOD & SHELTER FOR ALL 5 paisa - normal issue:
This development oriented coin on the theme “FOOD & SHELTER FOR ALL” was issued in India for general circulation on 16th August, 1978. On the obverse of this normal 5 P coin, the Lion Capital is smaller in size and the lettering ‘INDIA’ in English and ‘Bharat’ in Hindi are in circular line of alignment with the top of the Lion Capital.
 
FOOD & SHELTER FOR ALL - NORMAL ISSUE
The Happy Child Nation’s Pride 5 paisa - normal issue:
UNO proclaimed the year 1979 as the “INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF THE CHILD”. The slogan adopted by India for the “INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF THE CHILD” is “HAPPY CHILD -  NATION'S PRIDE”. To commemorate this occasion India issued this coin for general circulation on 5th March, 1979.
On the obverse of this normal 5 P coin, the Lion Capital is bigger in size and and the top of the Lion Capital is raised above the circular line of alignment of lettering ‘INDIA’ in English and ‘Bharat’ in Hindi.
 
HAPPY CHILD - NATION'S PRIDE - NORMAL ISSUE
     Food & shelter for all 5 paisa - mule issue :
In this mule coin, the obverse die of “HAPPY CHILD -  NATION'S PRIDE” 5 Paisa coin was wrongly paired with the reverse die of “FOOD & SHELTER FOR ALL” 5 Paisa coin.
 
FOOD & SHELTER FOR ALL - MULE ISSUE
Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
KM # 21; 1978 5P Food & Shelter for All
KM# 22; 1979 5P Happy Child Nation’s Pride
Not mentioned in Krause; Reverse of A + Obverse of B


Acknowledgement: This mule coin is in the collection of my friend, Mr. Shriharsh Waghrulkar of Aurangabad. Many thanks to him for permitting me to post this photo in this blog.

1- a)  1979 Happy Child Nation's Pride - 10 Paisa: Mule Issue Of Mumbai Mint: 


The Happy Child Nation’s Pride 10 paise - normal issue:
The year 1979 was proclaimed by UNESCO as the “INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF THE CHILD”. To commemorate this occasion India issued in denomination 5P, 10P, 10Rs and 50Rs on 5th March, 1979, on the theme “HAPPY CHILD -  NATION'S PRIDE”. On the normal 10P coin, the lettering ‘INDIA’ on the obverse is smaller and the top of the Lion Capital is raised above the circular line of alignment.

10 Paise , Happy Child - Normal coin

Food & shelter for all 10 paise - normal issue :
Similarly, a development oriented series (in denomination 5P, 10P, 10Rs and 50Rs) on the theme “FOOD & SHELTER FOR ALL” was issued in India on 16th August, 1978. On 10P coin, the lettering ‘INDIA’ on the obverse is larger and is in circular line of alignment with the top of the Lion Capital.

10 Paise , Food & Sheter - Normal coin

The Happy Child Nation’s Pride 10 paise - mule issue:
In this mule coin the obverse die of “FOOD & SHELTER FOR ALL” 10 paise coin was wrongly paired with the reverse die of “HAPPY CHILD -  NATION'S PRIDE” 10 paise coin.

10 Paise , Happy Child - mule coin

1- b)  1979 Happy Child Nation's Pride - 10 Paisa: Mule Issue Of Kolkata Mint: 

Recently a mule coin issued by Kolkata mint is also found.




Acknowledgement:
Personally I do not have this mule coin in my collection. The photo of the mule coin shown in this post was collected by my friend, Mr. Apurba Chatterjee of Kolkata. This is an un-recorded coin, not mentioned by any collector till today. He has been kind enough to send me the photo of this mule coin to be posted  in this blog. Many many thanks for his kindness.

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
KM # 33; 1979 10P Happy Child Nation’s Pride
KM# 32; 1978 10P Food & Shelter for All
KM# 34; Reverse of A + Obverse of B

2)  1984 INDIRA GANDHI - 50 Paisa  Mule And  FISHERIES 50 Paisa Mule Issues Of Kolkata Mint:

The Indira Gandhi 50 paise - normal issue:
To pay homage to late Prime Minister Mrs Indira Gandhi, India issued commemorative coins of 50P, 5Rs, 20Rs and 100Rs on birthday on 19th November, 1985. On the normal Indira Gandhi, 50P coins, a dotted circle is present on both the obverse and reverse sides.


50 Paise , Indira - Normal coin

The Fisheries 50 Paisa - normal issue:
To highlight the need to increase catches of fish to supplement the diets of millions of people in the country, coins of 50P, 20Rs and 100Rs were issued on 16th October, 1986 – the 6th World Food Day. On the normal Fisheries, 50P coins, no dotted circle is present on either sides of the coin.

50 Paise , Fisheries - Normal coin


a)  1984 Indira Gandhi 50 Paisa - mule issue:
In this mule coin the obverse side does not show a dotted circle, which is found on the obverse of the normal coin.

50 Paise , Indira - Mule coin



Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
KM # 67.1; 1985 50P Indira Gandhi
KM# 68.1; 1986 50P Fisheries
KM# 67.2; Reverse of A + Obverse of B


b)   1986 FISHERIES - 50 Paisa:  Mule issue:
In this mule coin the obverse side shows a dotted circle, which is not found on the obverse of the normal coin.. Please see the photo of the normal Fisheries coin posted above.

50 Paise , Fisheries - Mule coin

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
KM# 68.1; 1986 50P Fisheries
KM # 67.1; 1985 50P Indira Gandhi
KM# 68.2; Reverse of A + Obverse of B


How these mules were produced:
By mistake, on some day in the year 1986, when both Indira Gandhi, 50 p coin and the Fisheries, 50p coin were simultaneously being minted at Kolkata mint, the obverse die of Indira Gandhi, 50 p coin, was interchanged with the obverse die of Fisheries, 50p coin, and this resulted these two mule coins.

3)  Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR - 1 Re : MULE ISSUE OF Mumbai Mint
Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR - 1 Re - Normal Issue
In commemoration of the birth centenary of  Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR, India issued a 1 Re coin  in 1990. We find a dotted circle along the periphery of both obverse and reverse sides of this coin.


ICDS -1990 - Normal issue
This coin was issued in 1990, in commemoration of 15 years of establishment of this organisation. Both the obverse and reverse sides of this coin shows no dotted circle along its periphery.



Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR - 1 Re - Mule Issue
This mule coin was issued by Mumbai mint. In place of its normal obverse having the dotted circle, the obverse of ICDS commemorative was used, which shows no dotted circle.




Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
KM# 86; 1990 1Re 
Dr. B.R. AMBEDKAR
KM # 85 1990 1Re ICDS
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. 
Acknowledgement:
Personally I do not have this mule coin in my collection. The photo of the mule coin shown in this post was collected by my friend, Mr. Ashish Parui. He has been kind enough to send me the photo of this mule coin to be posted  in this blog. Many many thanks for his kindness.

4) 1995 -- 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF UNITED NATIONS COMMEMORATION -  MULE ISSUE OF MUMBAI MINT:


UN - 50th Anniversary  Commemoration 5 rupees - normal issue:
United Nations was established on 24th October, 1945 at Lake Success (New York). India has been a member of this august body since its inception.
In commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the establishment of UN, India issued this 5 rupees coin on 26th June, 1995, for general circulation. The lion on its obverse, is a slim lion.
5 Rupees - United Nations - Normal coin

I.L.O. - 75th Anniversary Commemoration  5 rupees - normal issue:
The International Labour Organization ILO) was established in 1919 with  its headquarters at Geneva(Switzerland). India is one of the founding-member of the I.L.O.
In commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the establishment of the I.L.O. India issued a 5 rupees coin on 27th October,1994. The lion on the obv of this coin was also a slim lion.
ILO Slim lion on Obv - Normal Variety

I.L.O. - 75th Anniversary Commemoration  5 rupees - normal Die variety issue:
But recently, I came to know that this ILO 5 rupees coin, also has a die variety on its obverse side. On this die variety, the lion on the obverse, is a fat lion.
ILO Fat lion on Obv - Die Variety


The 50th Anniversary of UN 5 rupees: - mule issue:
In this mule coin the obverse die of “ILO” 5 Rupees die variety coin was wrongly paired with the reverse die of “UN” 5 rupees coin, hence a Mule.
UN Fat lion on Obv - MULE

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
KM # 156; 1995 5 Rs UN 50th Anniversary
KM# 155; 1994 5 Rs ILO 75th Anniversary
 Reverse of A + Obverse of B

Note: 
As I was ignorant about the Fat lion issue of ILO 5 rs coin, I thought this fat lion issue of UN 5 rs coin to be a die variety in UN issue. But when I came to know the existence of Fat lion issue of ILO 5 rs coin, I thought that the fat lion issue of UN 5 rs, must be a mule one.

5)     2004 DADABHAI NAOROJI - 5 Rs:   Mule issue of Kolkata mint:
The Dada Bhai Naoroji 5 rupees (CN) - normal issue:

In commemoration of Dadabhai NarojiIndia issued this 5 rupees commemorative coin on 2nd October, 2003. It was issued from Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad mints. The obverse side of this coin has a tooth/flower design along its periphery.

5 Rupees , Dada Bhai - Normal coin

The Dada Bhai Naoroji 5 rupees (CN) - mule issue:
This mule coin was issued from Kolkata mint. Its observe side does not have any tooth/flower design along its periphery. The diameter of the coin field (distance between rims on the opposite side) is 21 mms. The value of this coin, shown by a stylized international numeral ‘5’ below the lion capital, has a shorter gap in the bottom swing of the ‘5’.

5 Rupees , Dada Bhai - Mule coin

How this  mule coin might have been  produced (A hypothesis):
As this mule coin was minted from Kolkata mint, by wrongly using the obverse die of a 5 rupees  commemorative coin; that commemorative coin must have the following specialties:

  • It must have been issued from Kolkata mint
  • Its obverse should have no tooth/flower design along the periphery
  • Its coin field should have been 21 mms.
  • The value of this coin, shown by a stylized international numeral ‘5’ below the lion capital, should have a shorter gap in the bottom swing of the ‘5’.
  • Its obverse  design should be exactly same to the obverse design of the Dadabhai mule coin
  • It should have been issued in a year, adjacent to 2003, the issue year of Dadabhai coin.

The Lalbahadur Shastri commemorative coin - 2004 qualifies in all the above points.

The normal Lalbahadur Shastri, 5 rupees (CN) issue:
At the conclusion of Lal Bahadur Shastri birth centenary celebrations, India issued this 5 rupees coin on 4th october, 2005So I think that, by mistake, on some day in the year 2004 , when both the 5 rupees Dadabhai and Shastri  coins were being minted at Kolkata  mint, the obverse die of 5 rupees Shastri (CN) coin, was wrongly  used in place of the normal obverse die of 5 rupees Dadabhai coin, and this resulted this  Dadabhai, 5 rupees mule coin.

5 Rupees CN, Shastri - Normal coin

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
KM# 308; 2003 5Rs Dadabhai Naroji
KM # 336 2004 5Rs Lal Bahadur Shastri
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.



6)     2005 DANDI MARCH, 5 Rs (FSS) – mule issue of Mumbai mint:

The Dandi March, 5 rupees (FSS) - normal issue:

In commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the Dandi March, India issued coins of Rs 5 & Rs 100 on 2nd October, 2005. It was issued from Mumbai mint only. In the normal FSS, 5 Rs coin, the diameter of the coin field (distance between rims on the opposite side) is 22 mms. The value of this coin, shown by a stylized international numeral ‘5’ below the lion capital, has a longer gap in the bottom swing of the numeral ‘5’. The gap between the bottom of lion pedestal and Hindi word ‘Satyamev Jayte’ appears to be more. 
5 Rupees FSS, Dandi March - Normal coin

The Dandi March, 5 rupees (FSS) - mule issue:
In this mule coin, the diameter of the coin field is 21 mms. The value of this coin, shown by a stylized international numeral ‘5’ below the lion capital, has a shorter gap in the bottom swing of the ‘5’. Tail of 5 is thick. The gap between the bottom of lion pedestal and Hindi word ‘Satyamev Jayte’ appears to be less.

5 Rupees FSS, Dandi March - Mule coin

How these mules might have been  produced ( A hypothesis):
2002 Mahavir (Mumbai) and 2004 LalBahadur Shastri (Kolkata) were issued in the same period with a coin field of 21 mms and their designs are same as Dandi march mule. Possibility of Shastri is being ruled out since it was not produced by Mumbai Mint. Some earlier 5Rs coins of 1994-96 like ILO, FAO, Tamil Conference, UN, Crop Science Congress and Mothers Health is Child’s Health also matched the criteria but these were ignored since dies may have deteriorated in a decade. From above, it is clear that Mahavir Obverse was used to make Dandi Mule. However readers are encouraged to suggest alternate theory.

The normal Bhagwan Mahavir, 5 rupees (CN) issue:
On the occasion of 2600th birth anniversary of Bhagwan Mahavir, this 5 rupees coin was issued on the on 25th April, 2002.


5 Rupees , Mahaveer - Normal coin


Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
KM# 325; 2005 5Rs 75 Years of Dandi March (FSS)
KM # 304 2001 5Rs 2600 Anniversary of Bhagwan Mahavir
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.

Important Note regarding Dandi March Mules:

In the UNC sets, Proof Sets and some circulation coins, the Dandi March 5 Rs coin was in Cupro-Nickel. Most of the circulated coins were issued in FSS. In the Cu-Ni coins, the obverse side also have tooth/flower design in the periphery; which is absent in FSS coins. For our discussion, we are not taking it under Mule as the metal is different.


7)   2005 BASAVESWAR, 5 Rs(FSS) - mule issues of Mumbai mint:
The Basaveswar, 5 rupees (FSS) - normal issue:
In commemoration of BasaveshwaraIndia issued Rs 5 & Rs 100 coins , on 23rd June, 2006. It was issued from Mumbai mint only. In this coin the diameter of the coin field is 22 mms. The value of this coin, shown by a stylized international numeral ‘5’ below the lion capital, has a longer gap in the bottom swing of the ‘5’. The gap between the bottom of lion pedestal and Hindi word ‘Satyamev Jayte’ appears to be more.

5 Rupees FSS, Basaveshwara - Normal coin

The Basaveswar, 5 rupees (FSS) - mule issue:
In this mule coin, the diameter of the coin field is 21 mms. The value of this coin, shown by a stylized international numeral ‘5’ below the lion capital, has a shorter gap in the bottom swing of the ‘5’. Tail of 5 is thick. The gap between the bottom of lion pedestal and Hindi word ‘Satyamev Jayte’ appears to be less.

5 Rupees FSS, Basaveshwara - Mule coin

How these mules might have been  produced ( A hypothesis):

As explained in the case of Dandi March mule, the Basaveshwara Mule was also produced by wrongly using Mahavir Obverse die. 



Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
KM# 324; 2006 5Rs Mahatma Basashewara (FSS)
KM # 304 2001 5Rs 2600 Anniversary of Bhagwan Mahavir
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.
My readers are encouraged to intimate me about any other suitable explanations, proposed by them, explaining the occurrence of these mule coins.

Important Note regarding Basashewara Mules
In the UNC sets, Proof Sets and some circulation coins, the Basaveswara 5 Rs coin was in Cupro-Nickel. Most of the circulating coins were issued in FSS. In the Cu-Ni coins, the obverse side also have tooth/flower design in the periphery; which is absent in FSS coins. For our discussion, we are not taking it under Mule as the metal is different.



5 Rupees, Basaveshwara - Cupro - Nickel coin

Acknowledgement:
Many thanks to Dr. PV Bharat for sending this mule coin for my collection.


8)  JAGATH GURU SREE NARAYANA GURUDEV, 5Rs CN - mule issue:

Jagath Guru Sree Narayana Gurudev, 5 Rupees CN - Normal Issue:
In commemoration of the 150th birth anniversary of Jagath Guru Sree Narayana Gurudev, India issued this 5 rupees coin in September, 2006. This coin was minted from Mumbai  mint and it has a dotted circle on both its Obverse and Reverse sides.

5 Rupees, Narayana Guru - Normal coin

JAGATH GURU SREE NARAYANA GURUDEV, 5 rupees CN - Mule issue:
This mule coin has no dotted circle on its obverse side. Its obverse shows a tooth / flower design at its periphery.

5 Rupees, Narayana Guru - Mule coin


How these mule coin might have been  produced ( A hypothesis):

The design on the obverse of this mule coin is identical in all respects with the obverse of the 5 rupees cupro-nickel coin of Basaveswara, or Dandi March. The photographs of all two have been provided earlier. Some day while the minting of 5 rupees CN Narayan Guru coin was going on, wrongly the obverse die of the 5 rupees cupro-nickel Basaveswar / Dandi March coin was paired with reverse die of 5 rupees Narayan Guru coin and this resulted this mule coin.


Basaveshwara Cupro-nickel coin

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
5Rs Jagat Guru Narayan Guru (CN)
5Rs Basaveswar CN/ Dandi March CN
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.
Acknowledgement:
Personally I  have this mule coin in my collection. The photo of the mule coin shown in this post was collected by my friend, Mr. Sekhar Kausik of New Delhi. He has been kind enough to allow me to use his photo in my blog. Many many thanks for his kindness.


9)    2005 CROSS 2Rs Mule Coin of Kolkata mint:

The normal 2 rupees cross coin of 2005,  issued from Kolkata mint:
This coin was issued in the year 2005, in the theme “Unity In Diversity” popularly called as “Cross Coins”. Its obverse shows, the value "2", which measures 9mm in height and smaller in size. The “date” is displayed in bigger numerals. Its reverse shows, a "double plus" symbol which, measures 18 mm in length.

2005, 2 Rupees Cross - Normal coin

The 2 rupees cross coin of 2007,  normal issue from Kolkata mint:
This coin was issued in the year 2007 from Kolkata mint, in the theme “Unity In Diversity”. Its obverse shows, the value "2", which measures10 mm in height and bigger in size. The “date” is displayed in smaller numerals. Its reverse shows, a "double plus" symbol which, measures 20 mm in length.

2007, 2 Rupees Cross - Normal coin

The 2 rupees cross coin of 2005,  mule issue from Kolkata mint:
This mule coin is with the obverse of 2005 cross coin and reverse of 2007 cross coin.

2005, 2 Rupees Cross - Mule coin

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
2Rs Cross of 2005: Large date + small cross
2Rs Cross of 2007: Small date + Large cross
Obverse of A + Reverse of B. Not listed in Krause.

10)   2007 CROSS 2Rs mule coins of  Kolkata mint:

The 2 rupees cross coin of 2007,  mule issue from Kolkata mint:
This mule coin is with the obverse of 2007 cross coin and reverse of 2005 cross coin.

2007, 2 Rupees Cross - Mule coin

How these mules were produced:
By mistake, on some day in the year 2007, when both 2005, 2 rupees cross coin and the 2007, 2 rupees cross coin were simultaneously being minted at Kolkata mint, the obverse die of the 2 rupees cross, 2005 coin, was interchanged with the obverse die of 2 rupees cross, 2007 coin, and this resulted these two mule coins

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
2Rs Cross of 2007: Small date + Large cross
2Rs Cross of 2005: Large date + small cross
Obverse of A + Reverse of B. Not listed in Krause.


11 )      2006, 5 Rs SBI - mule issue of Kolkata  mint:

Proof issue:
Friends, to commemorate the Bi-centenary of SBI, a proof set issued consisting of a 5rs coin and a 100 rs coin. The 5 rs proof coin was issued in Cupro-Nickel  alloy from Kolkata mint. The lion on this proof 5 rs coin was a thin one and the floral design placed on both sides of the SBI emblem had 2 leafs, the tip of the lower leaf pointing inwards where as the tip of the upper leaf pointing outwards.



 ( The photo of the Proof coin was sent to me by my friend Mr. Sanjay Kansal )

Issue for general circulation:
On the same occasion, a 5 rupees FSS coin was also issued for general circulation from Kolkata and Hyderabad mints. The lion on this 5 rs FSS coin was a fat one and the floral design placed on both sides of the SBI emblem had 2 leafs, the tip of both the lower leaf and the upper leaf, pointing inwards.

Mule issue:
Due to negligence or some other unknown causes, some specimens of FSS issue from Kolkata mint are found to be minted using the proof die, originally prepared to mint the proof coins, thus producing this mule coin.

Please mark the difference in obverse lions, the SBI emblem size and the floral designs on the normal coin and the mule coin. 



12 )      2007, 5 Rs Tilakji - mule issue of Mumbai mint:
In the year 2007, this coin was issued in commemoration of the 150th birth anniversary of Lokamanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak. This coin was shortly withdrawn from circulation due to public protest, as it had inscription of “Tilak ji” in Hindi on this coin. This is a rare coin of republic India.

2007, 5 Rs “Tilakji” coin – Normal Issue:
The obverse side of this coin is found with a tooth(flower) border.

2007, 5 Rs “Tilakji” coin – Mule Issue:
The obverse side of this coin is found without a tooth(flower) border.


Note: I personally do not have this mule coin in my collection. This coin is collected by Siddharth NS of Mumbai. Many thanks for his kindness to allow me use his photo in this  blog.

13)     2008 5 Rs IT and Connectivity - mule issue of Kolkata mint:
5 rupees Regular FSS coin, 2008 (Theme – IT and Connectivity) - normal issue:

This 5 rupees steel coin (Theme – IT and Connectivity)(Design - Waves) was issued in 2007 and 2008. The reverse of this coin shows waves design and the value of this coin. The obverse side of this coin contains Lion Capitol & year. Coin Diameter – 23 mm; Diameter of the coin field – 22 mm; Distance between two horizontal lines – 12 mm; Height of the Lion Capital – Bigger, 7.5 mm; Font size of the date - Bigger

5 Rupees IT - Normal coin

50 paise Regular FSS coin, 2008 (Theme – Nritya Mudra) - normal issue:

This 50 Paisa steel coin (Theme – Nritya Mudra)(Design – Clenched Fist) was issued from 2008. The reverse of this coin shows a clenched fist design and the value of this coin. The obverse has Lion Capital & year.  Coin Diameter – 22 mm; Diameter of the coin field – 20.5 mm; Distance between two horizontal lines – 11 mm; Height of the Lion Capital – smaller, 6.5 mm; Font size of the date - smaller

50 Paise Nritya Mudra - Normal coin

5 rupees Regular FSS coin, 2008 (Theme – IT and Connectivity) - mule issue:

This coin is a mule coin having obverse of 50 Paisa coin (Theme – Nritya Mudra), and reverse of 5 rupees coin (Theme – IT and Connectivity). Please mark that the use of smaller obverse die of 50 Paisa steel coin has created an unusual wider rim on the obverse side of this mule coin.

5 Rupees IT - Mule coin




Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
5Rs 2008 IT & Connectivity. Large lion capital + large distance between parallel lines.
50P 2008 Nritya Mudra. Small lion capital + small distance between parallel lines
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.


14)     2008, 2 Rs Natya Mudra - mule issue of Noida mint:
2008, 2 Rs Regular FSS coin, (Natya Mudra) - normal issue:
This 2 rupees steel coin (Theme – Natya Mudra) (Design – Two pointing fingers) was issued in India in 2008. The reverse side of this coin shows two pointing fingers and the value of this coin. The obverse side of this coin shows the Lion Capitol and ‘Satyameva Jayate’ in Hindi, between 2 parallel lines, the name of the country ‘Bharat’ in Hindi and ‘INDIA’ in English at the top, in a straight line and year of issue ‘2008’ at the bottom, also in a straight line.

2 Rupees Natya - Normal coin
2008, 10 Rs Regular Bi - Metal coin, (IT and Connectivity) - normal issue:
This 10 rupees Bi - Metal coin (Theme – IT and Connectivity) (Design – 15 radiating patterns) was issued in India in 2008. The reverse of this coin shows ‘10’ in International numerals showing the value of this coin, with 15 radiating patterns above ‘10’ and ‘RUPEES’ in English and Hindi at the lower periphery. The obverse side of this coin shows Lion Capitol and ‘Satyameva Jayate’ in Hindi just below it, within 2 parallel lines, the name of the country ‘INDIA’ both in English and Hindi, appear in a curved line in the top periphery and year of issue ‘2008’ also in a curved line in the bottom periphery.

10 Rupees IT and Connectivity - Normal coin
 2008, 2 Rs Regular FSS coin, (Natya Mudra) - Mule issue:
This coin is a mule coin having obverse of 10 Rs, Bi - Metal coin (Theme – IT and Connectivity), and reverse of 2 rupees coin (Theme – Natya Mudra). Please mark that the use of obverse die of 10 rs  IT and Connectivity  coin has shown the name of the country and the year of issue in a curved fashion which is not found on the normal issue.

2 Rupees Natya - Mule coin

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
2 Rs 2008 Natya Mudra. ‘INDIA’ and “Bharat’ in straight line + ‘2008’ in straight line and in smaller fonts.
10 Rs 2008 IT and Connectivity. ‘INDIA’ and “Bharat’ in curved line + ‘2008’ in curved line and in larger fonts.
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.

A very rare Mule

Note: Personally I  have this mule coin in my collection. The photo of the mule coin shown in this post was collected by my friend, Mr. Sekhar Kausik of New Delhi. He has been kind enough to allow me to use his photo in my blog. Many many thanks for his kindness.


15)     2008, 1 Re Natya Mudra - mule issue of Kolkata mint:

1 rupee Regular FSS coin, 2008 (Theme – Natya Mudra) - normal issue:
This 1 rupee steel coin (Theme – Natya Mudra)(Design – A hand with a Pointing fore finger) was issued by Kolkata mint in 2008. The reverse of this coin shows a hand with a Pointing fore finger and the value of this coin. The obverse side of this coin contains “INDIA” and ‘Bharat’ on the top, Lion Capital in the middle & year of issue on the bottom. Coin Diameter – 25 mm; Diameter of the coin field – 23 mm; Distance between two horizontal lines on obverse – 13 mm; Height of the Lion Capital – Bigger, 8.5 mm; Font size of the date - Thinner
 
1 Rupee 2008, Kolkata Normal coin
 5 rupees Regular FSS coin, 2008 (Theme – IT and Connectivity) - normal issue:
This 5 rupees steel coin (Theme – IT and Connectivity)(Design - Waves) was issued in 2008. The reverse of this coin shows waves design and the value of this coin. The obverse side of this coin contains “INDIA” and ‘Bharat’ on the top, Lion Capital in the middle & year of issue on the bottom, similar to the design on 1 rupee Natya Mudra coin . Coin Diameter – 23 mm; Diameter of the coin field – 22 mm; Distance between two horizontal lines on the obverse – 12 mm; Height of the Lion Capital – Smaller, 7.5 mm; Font size of the date - Thicker 
5 Rupees IT - Normal coin
1 rupee Regular FSS coin, 2008 (Theme – Natya Mudra) - mule issue:
This coin is a mule coin having obverse of 5 Rupees coin (Theme – IT and Connectivity)(Design - Waves) and reverse of 1 rupee coin (Theme – Nritya Mudra), (Design – Pointing fore finger). Please mark that the use of smaller obverse die of 5 Rupees steel wave coin (coin field diameter = 22 mm) on the 1 Rupee Planchet ( Diameter = 25 mm) has created an unusual wider rim on the obverse side of this mule coin.
1 Rupee 2008, Kolkata Mule coin
  
Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
1Re 2008 Natya Mudra. Large lion capital + large distance between parallel lines.
5Rs 2008 IT & Connectivity. Small lion capital + less distance between parallel lines.
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.
 Note:
I personally have this mule coin in my collection. I was also ignorant about the existence of this mule coin. This mule coin is in the collection of my friend Md Tanwer Alam, Domjur, Howrah. I am very much thankful to him for sending the photo of this mule coin to be posted in this blog.

16) 2010, 5 Rs Mother Teresa Comm - mule issue of Hyderabad mint:

2010, 5 Rs Mother Teresa Commemorative - normal issue:
In commemoration of the Birth Centenary celebrations of Mother Teresa, India issued this 5 rupees Nickel- Brass coin on 28th August, 2010, for general circulation. This 5 rupees Nickel- Brass coin was minted at all the 4 Indian mints. The reverse of this coin shows the image of Mother Teresa.
The obverse of this coin shows the usual -  Name of the country (India) in English and Hindi, its denomination and the Ashokan Lion. The Ashokan lion, on this coin, is a fat lion.

5 Rupees , Mother Teresa - Normal coin

2010, 5 Rs Mother Teresa Commemorative - Mule issue:
Though the obverse side of this coin, issued from all 4 mints, has a fat Ashokan Lion, the mule coin issued from Hyderabad has a thin Ashokan lion.

5 Rupees , Mother Teresa - Mule coin

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
5Rs 2010 Mother Teresa
5rs 60 yrs of Common wealth / Perarignar Anna / Sister Alphonsa
Reverse of A + Obverse of B.

17)   2010, 5 Rs Brihadeeswarar Temple Commemorative - mule issue of Mumbai mint:
2010, 5 Rs Brihadeeswarar Temple Commemorative - normal issue:
In commemoration of 1000 years of establishment of BRIHADEESWARAR TEMPLE, India issued Rs 5 coin on 26th September, 2010.  This coin was minted at all the 4 Indian mints. The reverse of this coin shows the image of this temple in the background and an image of Raja Raja Chola I (who built the temple) in the fore ground.
The obverse of this coin shows the usual - Name of the country (India) in English and Hindi, its denomination and the Ashokan Lion. The Ashokan lion, on this coin, is a fat lion.
5 Rupees ,  Temple - Normal coin

2010, BRIHADEESWARAR TEMPLE, 5 Rs(Nickel-Brass) - Mule issues of Mumbai mint:

The obverse of this coin shows a thin Ashokan Lion.
5 Rupees ,  Temple - Mule coin



Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
5Rs 2010 Brihadeeswarar Temple ,Tanjavur
5rs 60 yrs of Common wealth / Perarignar Anna / Sister Alphonsa
Reverse of A + Obverse of B.


18)  2010, 5 Rs C. SUBRAMANIAM – mule issue of Mumbai mint:

The C. Subramaniam , 5 rs commemorative , normal issue:
In the year 2010, India issued this 5 rupees coin in commemoration of birth centenary of C. Subramaniam. Please look at the value "5" on the obverse side of this coin. Its a normal "5".


The RBI, Platnum Jubilee, 5 rs commemorative, Normal issue:
In the year 2010, India issued this 5 rupees coin in commemoration of Platinum Jubilee of establishment of RBI. Please look at the value “5” on its obverse side of this coin. It’s a stylized “5”


The C. Subramaniam , 5 rs commemorative , mule issue

This mule coin is found in many C. Subramaniam UNC sets, issued to collectors, from Mumbai mint. The obverse die of the 5 Rs Platinum Jubilee of RBI has been used in place of normal obverse die of C. Subramaniam.


Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
2010 5Rs C. Subramaniam
2010 5Rs Platinum Jubilee of RBI
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.

Acknowledgement :
Personally I do not have this mule coin in my collection. I am very much thankful to my friend Sanjay Kansal, as he was kind enough to allow me to use this mule coin photo in this blog. 


19)     2011, 5 Rs R symbol - mule issue of Kolkata mint:
5 rupees Regular Nickel-Brass, 2011 (Theme – New R symbol) - normal issue:
This 5 rupees Nickel-Brass coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers), was issued in 2011. The reverse of this coin shows New R symbol at the top, the value of this coin at the center, year of issue at the bottom and 2 Flower designs at the left and right periphery. The obverse side of this coin shows Lion Capital with ‘Satyameva Jayate’ in Hindi, just below it and “Bharat’ in Hindi on the left and ‘INDIA’ In English on the right periphery. The fur lines of the lion on the right side, extend from top left to right down wards. Coin Diameter – 23 mm; Diameter of the coin field – 21.5 mm; Height of the Lion Capital – Bigger, 13.5 mm; 
2011 - 5 Rupees R symbol - Normal coin
1 rupee Regular FSS, 2011 (Theme – New R symbol) - normal issue:
This 1 rupee FSS coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers), was issued in 2011. The reverse of this coin shows New R symbol at the top, the value of this coin at the center, year of issue at the bottom and 2 Flower designs at the left and right periphery. The obverse side of this coin shows Lion Capital with ‘Satyameva Jayate’ in Hindi, just below it, “Bharat’ in Hindi on the left and ‘INDIA’ In English on the right periphery. The fur lines of the lion on the right side, extend from top to down wards. Coin Diameter – 22 mm; Diameter of the coin field – 21 mm; Height of the Lion Capital – Smaller, 13 mm;  
2011 - 1 Rupee R symbol - Normal coin
5 rupees Regular Nickel-Brass, 2011 (Theme – New R symbol) - (Design - Flowers) - Mule issue:
This coin is a mule coin having obverse of 1 rupee FSS coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers), and reverse of 5 rupees Nickel-Brass coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers).
2011 - 5 Rupees R symbol - Mule coin

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
5Rs 2011. New R symbol. Larger lion capital
1 Re 2011.  New R symbol. Smaller lion capital
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.

Acknowledgement :
I am very much thankful to my friend Md.Tanwer Alam of Howrah, as he was kind enough to gift me this mule coin for my collection.
Note:
The 2011, 5 rupees 'R' symbol issue of Mumbai mint is also reported to have a Mule issue. I'll post its image soon, as  I have got it for my collection.

20)     2012, 5 Rs R symbol - mule issue of Kolkata mint:
The same error occurred in 2012 also, as it occurred in 2011.  This  mule coin has the obverse of 1 rupee FSS coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers), and reverse of 5 rupees Nickel-Brass coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers).

Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
5Rs 2012. New R symbol. Larger lion capital
1 Re 2012.  New R symbol. Smaller lion capital
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.

Acknowledgement :
I am very much thankful to my friend Md.Tanwer Alam of Howrah, as he was kind enough to gift me this mule coin for my collection.

Note: The photograph of this mule coin will be posted soon.

21)     2013, 5 Rs R symbol - mule issue of Kolkata mint:
The same error occurred in 2013 also, as it occurred in 2011 and 2012.  This  mule coin has the obverse of 1 rupee FSS coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers), and reverse of 5 rupees Nickel-Brass coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers).
5 Rs Regular - Mule coin - Kolkata Mint



Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
5Rs 2012. New R symbol. Larger lion capital
1 Re 2012.  New R symbol. Smaller lion capital
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.

Acknowledgement :
I am very much thankful to my friend Raja Biswas of Kolkata, as he was kind enough to send me the photo of this mule coin to be posted in this blog.

22)     2010, 5 Rs CWG - mule issue of Kolkata mint:
5 rupees Regular Nickel-Brass, 2011 (Theme – New R symbol) - normal issue:
This 5 rupees Nickel-Brass coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers), was issued in 2011. The reverse of this coin shows New R symbol at the top, the value of this coin at the center, year of issue at the bottom and 2 Flower designs at the left and right periphery. The obverse side of this coin shows Lion Capital with ‘Satyameva Jayate’ in Hindi, just below it and “Bharat’ in Hindi on the left and ‘INDIA’ In English on the right periphery.





5 rupees CWG Commemorative, 2011 - normal issue:
The reverse of this coin shows the logo of “Common Wealth Games 2010 at the centre, with the words — ''XIX Commonwealth Games, 2010 - Delhi" in English on the right periphery and 19 Wan Rashtramandal Khel, Delhi 2010” in Hindi on the left upper periphery . Date of the event (3-14 October 2010) is also mentioned below the logo in international numerals and English.

The central portion of the obverse of this coin shows the Ashokan lion at the top with ‘Satyameva Jayate’ just below it and denomination of this coin ‘5’ in international numeral at the bottom. ‘INDIA’ and ‘RUPEES’ are shown in English on the right periphery and ‘Bharat’ and ‘Rupaye’ in Hindi are shown on the left periphery.


5 rupees CWG Commemorative, 2010- Mule issue:
This coin is a mule coin having obverse of 5  rupees Nickel-Brass coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers), and reverse of 5 rupees CWG Commemorative coin, 2010. The specialty of this mule coin is, no denominational value appears on this coin.



  
Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
2010,  5Rs Common Wealth Games (Nickel-Brass)
2011, 5Rs Regular ‘R’ symbol coin
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.
Acknowledgement :
I am very much thankful to my friend Sanjay Kansal, as he was kind enough to allow me to use this mule coin photo in this blog. 


23)     2010, 5 Rs Rabindranath Tagore - mule issue of Kolkata mint:
The same error occurred in R N Tagore, 5 rs issue also, as it occurred in issue of CWG, 5 rs coin.  This  mule coin has the  obverse of 5  rupees Nickel-Brass regular coin (Theme – New R symbol) (Design - Flowers), and reverse of 5 rupees Tagore Commemorative coin, 2010. The specialty of this mule coin is, no denominational value appears on this coin.

R N Tagore Normal issue:

R N Tagore Mule issue (Without denomination):
Photograph taken from collection of Mr. Soumik Chowdhury, Kolkata .

  
Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
2010,  5Rs Rabindranath Tagore(Nickel-Brass)
2010, 5Rs Regular ‘R’ symbol coin
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.

Note: As this mule coin is not present in my collection, the photo shown above is taken from Mr. Soumik Chowdhury's collection and posted here. Many thanks to the contributor.

24)     2012, 2 Rs R symbol - mule issue of Kolkata mint:
2 rupees Regular R symbol coin, 2012(Theme – New "Rupee" Symbol - normal issue):
This 2 rupees steel coin (Theme – Rupee Symbol)(Design – Floral) was issued by Kolkata mint in 2012. The reverse of this coin shows  the denominational value “2” in the international numerals flanked on the left and right periphery with a floral design. The upper periphery bears the Rupee symbol and the year of minting in international numerals is shown on the lower periphery.
 The obverse side of this coin shows the Lion Capitol of Ashoka Pillar with the legend "Satyameva Jayate" in Hindi, inscribed below, flanked on the left periphery with the word "Bharat"  in Hindi and on the right periphery with the word “INDIA" in English.  Coin Diameter – 25 mm; Diameter of the coin field – 23 mm; 

2 RUPEES NORMAL

 5 rupees Regular 'RUPEE' Symbol coin, 2012  - normal issue:
This 5 rupees Nickel Brass coin (Theme – New 'RUPEE' Symbol)(Design - Floral) was issued in 2012. The reverse of this coin shows New R symbol at the top, the value of this coin at the center, year of issue at the bottom and 2 Flower designs at the left and right periphery. The obverse side of this coin shows Lion Capital with ‘Satyameva Jayate’ in Hindi, just below it and “Bharat’ in Hindi on the left and ‘INDIA’ In English on the right periphery. The fur lines of the lion on the right side, extend from top left to right down wards. Coin Diameter – 23 mm; Diameter of the coin field – 21.5 mm; Height of the Lion Capital – 13.5 mm; 

Photo will be posted later.
2 rupees Regular FSS 'RUPEE' Symbol coin, 2012 (Theme – New "Rupee" Symbol) - mule issue:
This coin is a mule coin having obverse of 5 Rupees coin (Theme – New 'RUPEE' Symbol )(Design - Flower) and reverse of 2 rupees coin (Theme – New 'RUPEE' Symbol )(Design - Flower). Please mark that the use of smaller obverse die of 5 Rupees coin (coin field diameter = 21.5 mm) on the 2 Rupees Planchet ( Diameter = 25 mm) has created an unusual wider rim on the obverse side of this mule coin.
2 RUPEES MULE

  
Base Coin (A)
Piggyback Coin (B)
Mule Produced
2 Rs 2012 'Rupee' Symbol coin. Large lion capital .
5Rs 2012 'Rupee' Symbol coin. Small lion capital 
Reverse of A + Obverse of B. Not listed in Krause.
 Note:
I personally do not have this mule coin in my collection. I was also ignorant about the existence of this mule coin. This mule coin is in the collection of my friend Md Tanwer Alam, Domjur, Howrah. I am very much thankful to him for sending the photo of this mule coin to be posted in this blog.
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Acknowledgement:
**********************************************************************************

I express my hearty thanks to my friend Mr. Sanjay Kansal, for going through the entire script and making necessary changes in the text and the presentation.

18 comments:

  1. One thing may be noticed: The Basaveshwara 5 Rs coin has no mention of the year on the coin. This is a design mistake! Such dateless coin examples are , as known to me, 1945 or 1944 one Franc coin of Monaco and the 20 Pence UK mule of 2008.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Very nice site which gives a lot of information about Indian coins!!

    ReplyDelete
  3. JOIN THIS BEST INDIAN NUMISMATIC GROUP

    BK KAR JI ALSO ADMIN IN THIS GROUP

    VISIT TRY IF YOU LIKE JOIN

    http://www.facebook.com/groups/bestnumismatic/

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Many thanks Pratyush for ur offer.

      Delete
  4. SIR IT WAS A PLEASURE TO MEET YOU TODAY AT KOLKATA........ HOPE TO BE IN TOUCH WITH YOU... THANKS FOR ALL THE INFORMATION.
    SANDEEP DESAI(MET YOU AT GPO)

    ReplyDelete
  5. Sandeep, It was also a pleasure to meet u and many other friends at the GPO.

    ReplyDelete
  6. 10 Paise Aluminium regular coins - are there any die varieties ?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Zubin ji, there r die varieties in some issues of 10 Paise Aluminium regular coins.

      Delete
  7. Are their any die varieties of the 10 paise regular aluminium coins - smaller variety ?

    ReplyDelete
  8. Many thanks, Nagendra babu ji.

    ReplyDelete
  9. Thanks for sharing your valuable knowledge sir.
    very good study of mule coins and normal coins. have gone through your blog and have sorted many of mule coins from my stock. Thanks a lot sir

    ReplyDelete
  10. Many thanks for ur appreciation of this page. Glad to know that with the help of this page, u r able to spot many mule coins from ur stock.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Very very very informative and i request for continue update so that it is much more useful to Numism
    atic people

    ReplyDelete
  12. Very nice to see. Further insertion of mules for KM# 121.5, KM# 396, KM# 397 and KM# 403 will enrich the database.

    ReplyDelete
  13. Very nice work sir.....

    ReplyDelete